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让科技型中小企业有实实在在的获得感
——科技部成果与区域司相关负责人解读《若干措施》

发布日期: 2018-08-19 08:15   作者: 唐 婷    来源:幸运扑克_幸运扑克软件-专业购彩APP 】    阅读:

对科技型中小企业来说,最近又迎来一份政策“大礼包”。《关于新时期支持科技型中小企业加快创新发展的若干政策措施》(以下简称《若干措施》)日前正式发布。

科技型中小企业创新发展主要面临哪些瓶颈?《若干措施》亮出了哪些高含金量的政策?如何保障《若干措施》真正落地见效?科技日报记者就此专访了科技部成果转化与区域创新司相关负责同志。

记者: 《若干措施》是在怎样的背景下出台的?

上述负责人: 党中央、国务院高度重视民营经济和中小企业创新发展。去年11月,习近平总书记在民营企业座谈会上发表重要讲话,对民营企业增强创新能力和核心竞争力,形成更多具有全球竞争力的世界一流企业提出明确要求。今年4月,中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发《关于促进中小企业健康发展的指导意见》,对提升中小企业创新发展能力作出重要部署。

zhongxiaoqiyeshiminyingjingjidezhulijun,kejixingzhongxiaoqiyeshipeiyufazhanxindongneng、tuidonggaozhiliangfazhandezhongyaoliliang,zhichikejixingzhongxiaoqiyejiushizhichiminyingqiyehezhongxiaoqiyechuangxinfazhan。kejibucicizhidingchutai《ruogancuoshi》,jiushiyaoguancheluoshihaoxijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuajingshenhedangzhongyang、guowuyuanzhongdajuecebushu,jiakuaituidongkejixingzhongxiaoqiyezouchuangxinqudongfazhandaolu,zengqiangqiyejishuchuangxinnengliyuhexinjingzhengli。

幸运扑克 《ruogancuoshi》yipeiyuzhuangdakejixingzhongxiaoqiyezhutiguimo、tishengkejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinnengliweizhuyaozhelidian,congchuangxinzhutipeiyu、zhengcewanshanluoshi、caizhengzijinzhichidengqigefangmian,jinyibuqianghuaxiangguanpuhuixingzhengcedewanshanyuluoshi,qieshirangguangdakejixingzhongxiaoqiyeyoushishizaizaidehuodegan。

记者: 《若干措施》提出以培育壮大科技型中小企业主体规模、提升科技型中小企业创新能力为主要着力点,有哪些具体考虑?

shangshufuzeren: “peiyuzhuangdakejixingzhongxiaoqiyezhutiguimo、tishengkejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinnengli”,shi《ruogancuoshi》tichudezhongyaoerxianmingdezhengcedaoxiang,youliyugefangmianjinyibutongyirenshi,ningjuqijiakuaituidongkejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinfazhandegongzuoheli。shixianzheiyigemubiao,xuyaocongzhengfuheshichanglianggefangmiangongtongfali。

congzhengfufangmiankan,gejizhengfubumentebieshikejiguanlibumenyaobapeiyuzhuangdakejixingzhongxiaoqiyezuoweipeiyuxindongneng、shixiangaozhiliangfazhandebiranyaoqiu,chongfenfahuidifangzaizhengceluoshi、ziyuanpeizhi、gaigechuangxindengfangmiandejijixinghezhudongxing,bayingzaolianghaochuangxinchuangyehuanjingzuoweizhuanbianzhengfuzhineng、tishengxingyunpukeyishidegenbenyaoqiu,yindizhiyizhidingchutaixiangguanzhichizhengce,jiadalidutuidongkejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinfazhan。

congshichangfangmiankan,yaojinyibuyindaoqiyeshenrushishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,shigengduoqiyezhenzhengrenshidaokejichuangxinnenglishiqiyedabukuadejingzhengli,qiyezhiyouyongyouhexinguanjianjishucainengzaishichangzhongzhenzhengliyububaizhidi。

记者: 为推动科技型中小企业创新发展,科技部近年来采取了哪些举措?

上述负责人: 近年来,科技部认真贯彻落实党中央、国务院重大决策部署,采取一系列政策举措培育和壮大科技型中小企业,大力推动科技型创新创业,优化科技企业成长环境,2018年全国入库科技型中小企业达13.1万家,取得了较好成效。

一方面,加大科技创新政策激励,鼓励广大科技型中小企业增加研发投入。2017年,全国享受研发费用加计扣除优惠政策的科技型中小企业有8.4万户,加计扣除额约1500亿元,减免企业所得税约375亿元。另一方面,支持鼓励科研人员创新创业,推动构建科技创业生态体系,幸运扑克专业化众创空间,为科技型中小企业孵化培育提供全链条幸运扑克。同时,注重引导创新资源集聚,通过实施国家科技成果转化引导基金、举办中国创新创业大赛等方式,加大对创新创业活动的引导支持。推动高校及科研机构科研仪器设施向企业开放共享,全国高校和科研院所年均幸运扑克企业用户超过20万家,累计减少重复购置经费约207亿元。

记者: 科技型中小企业创新发展还面临哪些瓶颈?

shangshufuzeren: congqianqidiaoyanqingkuanglaikan,xiangduiyuyibanqiyemianlinchanyezhuanxingshengjiyushichangzhongzudeyoulv,kejiqiyeyikaochuangxinqudongnenggougengjiazhudongdishiyingjingjizhuanxingshengjihegaozhiliangfazhandetiaozhan,tebieshiyongyouhexinjishudeqiyeduiweilaifazhanqianjinggengjiachongmanxinxin。

tongshixingyunpukeyekandao,kejixingzhongxiaoqiyezaijiakuaichuangxinfazhanzhongmianlinzheyixiekunnan。yishiyanfatourubuzu。zheijiyouqiyezishenzijinshilibuqiangyuanyin,yeyoucaizhengkejizijinyindaoxingtourubugoudeyuanyin,quefayanfazijindexianshikunnanyirancunzai。ershiyouxiukejirencaijinque。zhongxiaoqiyeduigaocengcikejirencaidexiyinlibuzu,zaixinchoutixi、qiyewenhua、fazhankongjiandengfangmianyugaoxiaoyuansuo、guoyouqiyexiangbiquefajingzhengli。sanshichuangxinziyuanhuoqubuchang。zhongxiaoqiyeyibanquefazijideyanfatixi,gengduoxuyaoyikaowaibuchuangxinziyuan,dancongxianshiqingkuangkan,zhongxiaoqiyekaizhanchanxueyanhezuodejizhihaibuwanshan,nanyihuodezhuanyehuadekejichuangxinxingyunpuke,jiaonanconggaoxiaoyuansuohuodegaozhiliangdejishugongji。

记者: 针对科技型中小企业的现实需求,《若干措施》给出哪些高含金量的政策?

幸运扑克 shangshufuzeren: zai《ruogancuoshi》zhidingguochengzhong,xingyunpukeshizhongjianchi“wentidaoxiang”,getiaozhengcecuoshidoushiweiraocaishuizhichi、rencaipeiyu、chuangxinchuangye、kejixingyunpukedengqiyezuiweiguanzhudezhengcedian,tichugengduo“zhenzhaoshizhao”。

幸运扑克 zhenduiquefayanfazijinwenti,jiangjinyibujiadacaizhengkejizijinduikejixingzhongxiaoqiyeyanfahuodongdeyindaozhichilidu,tongguodiaozhengwanshanguojiakejijihualixiang、renwubushuhezuzhiguanlifangshi,duizhongxiaoqiyeyanfahuodongjiyuzhijiezhichi,binggulidifangzhengfushelizhichikejixingzhongxiaoqiyejishuyanfadezhuanxiangzijin。

针对高层次人才缺乏问题,将支持科技型中小企业引进培育骨干创新团队,参与“国际杰青计划”,帮助中小企业与相关领域外国青年人才进行对接,支持中小企业选派专业技术人才参加中长期出国()培训。

针对融资难融资贵问题,将进一步强化科技金融结合工作,拓展国家科技成果转化引导基金功能,开展贷款风险补偿试点,实施“科技型中小企业成长路线图计划2.0幸运扑克”,扩大创投引导、直接融资、间接融资等各种渠道。

zhenduichuangxinxingyunpukebuzuwenti,zhengfuyushichangjianggongtongfali,chongfendiaodonggaoxiao、keyanyuansuohegeleishichanghuakejixingyunpukejigoudejijixing,tongguotuiguangkejichuangxinquanzhengce,kaizhanxinxingyanfajigou、zhuanyehuajishuzhuanyijigouxingyunpukeshidian,xingyunpukequanguokejixingzhongxiaoqiyexinxixingyunpukepingtai,jubankejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinchanpinbolanhuidengfangshi,kuodamianxiangzhongxiaoqiyejishuchuangxindezhuanyexingyunpukehejishugongji。

记者: 为保障《若干措施》落地见效,在后续具体执行和操作层面,有哪些考量?

shangshufuzeren: yifenbushu,jiufenluoshi。《ruogancuoshi》nengbunengluodiluoshiluoxi,zhongxiaoqiyenengbunengyouzhenzhengdehuodegan,guanjianhaizaizhixing。

幸运扑克 weici,kejibuzaigongzuozhixingcengmianzuochuleyixiejutianpai。yishichenglituijinkejixingzhongxiaoqiyechuangxinfazhangongzuoxiaozu,tongchoutuijinyouguangongzuo,jiaqiangyuyouguanbumendexietong,jiaqiangzhongyangyudifangdeliandong,jishixiediaojiejuezhongdawenti。ershizhidingrenwufengongfangan,jiaqiangduicuoshizhonggexiangrenwudexihuafenjie,mingquezerenfengongheshijianjiedian。tongshi,jiangshishikaizhanzhengceluoshiqingkuangpinggu,quebaogexiangrenwuluoshidaowei。sanshijiancekejixingzhongxiaoqiyefazhanqingkuang,jishidiaozhengwanshanzhengcecuoshi。(zuozhe: tang ting)

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